Part 1 - The Old World


The Lives of Ancient and Pre-industrial People

30,000 Years Ago—The earth as it was when we became fully human.
20,000 Years Ago—How hunter-gatherers lived; their physical settings; what they ate; the control of fire; how they used the land’s resources; the skills they honed, the materials they adapted and the tools they created. About human migrations, how the people saw themselves, how they saw the world and how their vision shaped their culture.


The Origins of Farming and Agriculture

10,000 Years Ago—The domestication of plants and animals. The development of pottery; copper, the first metal.

The first agriculture-
based settlements

How villages grew into towns; the first cities; the importance of location. The growth of trade networks. New agricultural technologies; irrigation; the plow, and working the land. Surplus and storage; the concept of ownership and commodity. Shelter and Architecture.


The First Major Civilizations Rise: Mesopotamia

6,000 Years Ago—New forms of social organization slowly emerge, bloom, become codified. The development and spread of record keeping and written history (crop inventory, trade records, calendars, books and early printing) .

The Ice Man (See Intro)

5,300 Years Ago—
• The earliest clear picture of how “pre-civilized” people lived;
• He lived 1000 years before the great pyramid was built;
• What this discovery tells us.


Civilizations Become Empires

- An Ordered Society
- A Visionary Society
- An Imperial Empire

The importance of the physical settings of ancient cities; how people in the “classical” civilizations lived and regarded the world; how they used the land’s resources; the materials they adapted, the tools-implements they created and what they ate. The natural world’s influence - effect on cultural development, for example theatre, drama, decorative motifs.


From the Dark Ages to the Enlightenment

DaVinci; Copernicus; Galileo; Newton; Gutenberg and the origin of printing, and the blooming of literature.

The New World

The European arrival in North America, and their takeover of the land; Benjamin Franklin; The American Revolution; The French Revolution.